What are Bunions?

If you’ve noticed your big toe leans towards the other toes, you may have a bunion. It is a very common and typically benign condition caused by the pressure of the big toe pushing against the metatarsal bone that results in a characteristic bony lump forming at the base of the big toe. What may start as a minor irritation, bunions, can quickly make it more difficult for you to move your toes, wear shoes comfortably, or walk.

What are Common Signs of Bunions?

• Visible bump
• Swelling, redness, or soreness
• Pain and tenderness
• Calluses or corns
• Limited movement
• Shift in toe position
• Changes in foot shape
• Burning sensation
• Numbness
• Difficulty walking


Bunions can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, wearing tight or ill-fitting shoes, foot injuries, and conditions such as arthritis. They are often the result of pressure on the foot over a long period of time.

Treatment options for bunions range from conservative methods like changing shoes, using orthotics, and taking pain relievers, to surgical procedures for more severe cases. The goal is to relieve pain and correct the deformity.

You should see a podiatrist if you experience persistent pain, a visible bump on the joint of your big toe, decreased movement or flexibility in your big toe, or difficulty finding shoes that fit properly due to the bunion.